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Jesuit ruins

Gs 200.000 to Gs 4.100.000

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20/04/2015

Very close to Encarnación there are two architectural, religious and cultural treasures that cannot be missed: the Jesuit Missions Santísima Trinidad del Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangüe, classified since 1993 as Cultural Heritage of Humanity by Unesco. These missions house invaluable historical and cultural riches of Paraguay and stand as important tourist attractions. Of them, the best preserved and the most extensive is the mission Santísima Trinidad del Paraná. Founded in June 1706, in 1728 it already had a population of 3,000 Guarani indigenous people. It has a Main Square (Plaza Mayor) that was the town’s meeting place and a Jesuit Museum located in the old sacristy, where you can see sculptures, objects and a model of the mission. It also has the largest temple among all those that make up the Jesuit missions, in which the frieze of the musical angels stands out, which until the discovery of musical scores in Moxos (Bolivia), constituted the only antecedent of the importance of music in missions. It is also the one that preserves the town’s structure to a greater degree.

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The Jesús de Tavarangüe mission was founded in 1685 on the banks of the Monday River by the Jesuit Gerónimo Delfín, although the settlement had to move several times due to the hostility of the Portuguese who attacked them and took them away as slaves, until it was settled in its current location. It also had about 3,000 inhabitants in its heyday. One of the largest churches of the time began to be built there, which had to be abandoned unfinished by the expulsion of the Jesuits in 1768 by Carlos III of Spain.